COPE Course Unit

3.1 Course Objectives


  1. To create awareness on export Phytosanitary regulatory system.
  2. To enhance knowledge and skills on export phytosanitary certification systems.

3.2 Course Outline


  1. Export Phytosanitary regulatory systems
  2. Export Phytosanitarycertification systems
  3. Export Phytosanitary inspections
  4. Treatments in phytosanitary systems
  5. Export inspection procedures

3.3 Course content


Export Phytosanitary regulatory systems (2 Hours.)
  1. Definitions, importance of export certification and guiding principles (ISPM 7, 12, 23 and 31),
  2. Regulations:, national, regional and international legislation and agreements for example, COMESA green pass, CBD, convention on international trade on endangered species – CITES; documentation
Export Phytosanitary certification system (5 Hours)
  1. Phytosanitary certification system: (ISPM 7) NPPOs Legal Authority, responsibilities resources and infrastructure, documentation and communication
  2. Farm audit: source/integrity of planting materials in terms of pests and diseases, Mitigation measures in place to control pests, System approach audits of production facilities (detailed process)
  3. Phytosanitary certificates: Types and forms of Phytosanitary certificates including e-phyto, Attachments to Phytosanitary certificates, Duration of validity, Actions Taken with Issued Phytosanitary Certificates (e.g. replacements), phytosanitary certificate for re-export
Treatments in phytosanitary systems (2 hours)
  1. Approved phytosanitary treatments (ISPM 28):
  2. Pre-shipment treatments used {wood packaging (ISPM 15), Devitalization, fumigation, cold treatment, waxing} packaging, transportation (use of controlled atmosphere)
Export Phytosanitary inspection procedures (2 hours)
  1. Sampling of consignment for inspection (ISPM 31): types (statistical and non-statistical) lot identification, sample units, and the objective of sampling.
  2. Inspection procedures (ISPM 23): Examination of documents associated with a consignment, Verification of consignment identity and integrity, Visual examination, diagnostic support and laboratory testing, inspection outcome and transparency, inspection reports
  3. Seed Exportation Procedures
  4. Non-compliance (ISPM 13): inspection rejections, interception notifications and mitigation measures
  5. ISO 17020-2012 conformity assessment: requirements for the operations of various type of bodies performing inspection and 17065-2012 conformity assessment: requirements for bodies certifying products, processes and services
Practicals (10 Hours)

Consignment inspection, farm audit, phytosanitary treatments, field inspection, phytosanitary certificates issuance

Case studies (5 Hours)

Country specific risk management initiatives for example, specific markets and e- certification requirements; use of databases in e-certification Compliance audit – basis for compliance audit, need for periodic audits, impacts of the audit for example, EU Food and Veterinary Office inspections, USDA-APHIS on geraniums, Israel (PPIS on gypsophila).



  1. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  2. ISPM 03: 2005 Guidelines for the export, shipment, import and release of biological control agents and other beneficial organisms
  3. ISPM 07: 2011 Phytosanitary certification system
  4. ISPM 12: 2011 Phytosanitary certificates
  5. ISPM 13: 2001 Guidelines for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action
  6. ISPM 15: 2009 Regulation of wood packaging material in international trade
  7. ISPM 23: 2005 Guidelines for inspection
  8. ISPM 28: 2007 Phytosanitary treatments for regulated pests
  9. ISPM 24: 2005 Guidelines for the determination and recognition of equivalence of Phytosanitary measures
  10. ISPM 25: 2006 Consignments in transit
  11. ISPM 31: 2008 Methodologies for sampling of consignments
  12. ISPM 32: 2009 Categorization of commodities according to their pest risk
  13. ISPM 34: 2010 Design and operation of post-entry quarantine stations for plants
  14. United Nations economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).UNECE Commercial Quality Standards for Agricultural Produce.
  15. USDA-APHIS Phytosanitary Certificate Issuance and Tracking System.
  16. Directive EC/29/2000. EU website:
  17. Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (AQIS) website:
  18. USDA-APHIS Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Import Manual 1: r_imports.pdf
  19. Minimum sanitation protocol for importation of Geranium to USA – APHIS website:
  20. ISO 17020-2012 conformity assessment: requirements for the operations of various type of bodies performing inspection 1
  21. 7065-2012 conformity assessment: requirements for bodies certifying products, processes and services